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Snellen Test Chart For Eye Sight

Snellen charts measure vision loss and are commonly used to diagnose eye problems such as macular degeneration. If you suffer from poor eyesight, you may be interested in learning more about the snellen chart. This simple test measures your ability to distinguish letters and numbers. It involves reading lines of text while moving closer and farther away from the chart.

Snellen charts are useful tools for determining your visual impairment. But, not everyone knows how to properly perform the test. Our buyers guide explains how to correctly conduct the test so that you can accurately assess your vision.

Buyer's Guide

How To Choose The Best Snellen Test

What is the Purpose of a Snellen Test?

  He created it so he could measure the eyesight of his patients. At the time, doctors didn’t know why certain diseases affected only certain parts of the body. Doctors believed that disease spread throughout the entire body via air currents. Thus, they thought that illness originated within the patient's own body.

Snellen wanted to determine whether the cause of blindness was located inside or outside the body. His idea was to create a simple method to detect changes in the eyes. If the doctor found no change in the eyes, he concluded that the problem lay within the patient's body. But if the doctor did see a change in the eyes, he knew that the problem must lie somewhere else.

In order to conduct a proper examination, Snellen needed a way to accurately record the results of each person's eyesight. He came up with a series of lines which measured the distance between two points. Each line represented a specific level of sight.

How Does a Snellen Eye Chart Work?

During a Snellen test, the examiner places the paper right next to the patient's face. The patient looks into the paper and tries to recognize the numbers. Afterward, the examiner removes the paper and reads the scores aloud.

Each line represents a particular level of eyesight. Since the patient's eyesight falls below the corresponding line, the patient receives a score based on the line where his or her eyes fall.

For example, let's say that the patient sees the number "4" on the paper. According to the Snellen scale, 4 indicates 20/20 vision. Because the patient's eyesight falls below the 20/20 line, the patient gets a score of 20/20.

What Are Snellen Tests Used For?

  During a Snellen test, doctors hold a card before the patient's face and ask him or her to read each line on the card. Then, the doctor measures the length of the lines on the card. Based on the results of the test, doctors can tell whether the patient has good vision or impaired vision.

Is It Important That Patients Take Their Own Snellen Eye Exams?

Yes! Although Snellen tests are quick and painless, they only give a general idea of how well someone sees. He or she uses special instruments to check the health of the optic nerve and retina.

Can Someone Else Perform My Snellen Exam?

No. Only an ophthalmologist can properly diagnose problems related to the eyes.

Do All People Have Good Eyesight?

Not necessarily. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 1 billion people worldwide suffer from uncorrected refractive error. Refractive errors occur when the shape of the eyeball does not match the curvature of the cornea. Poor eyesight can cause headaches, blurred vision, double vision, dizziness, fatigue, difficulty focusing, and loss of depth perception.

Does Everyone Need Vision Testing?

It depends. If you experience symptoms associated with poor eyesight, you should consult a physician. Otherwise, you probably don't need to undergo regular eye examinations.

Features to Look For When Buying a Snellen Test

The Snellen eye chart has been around for decades. It's considered by many to be the gold standard for measuring eyesight. But it doesn't always give accurate results. That's why it's important to know which features to look for when purchasing a Snellen test.

Is the Chart Made From Plastic Or Paper?

Many manufacturers now produce charts made from paper. Although these tests are cheaper, they lack durability. If you plan to use the chart frequently, choose a model made from sturdy material. Otherwise, opt for a chart made from plastic.

Does the Chart Have An Acute Angle?

Some charts have an acute angle. Others have a right angle. Either way, the chart needs to be positioned so that the patient looks straight ahead. Make sure the chart isn't too close to the wall either. This makes it difficult for patients to see clearly.

Can Patients Read Letters With Their Eyes Closed?

It's important to check whether patients can read letters with their eyes closed. If they cannot, then the chart might not be suitable for them.

Do The Numbers Match Up With Each Other?

Make sure that each number matches up with its corresponding letter. If not, then the chart might not be reliable.

Different Types of Snellen Test

The Snellen eye chart was developed by Dr. He created it so he could measure his patients' eyesight. At the time, doctors didn't know why certain diseases affected only certain parts of the body. So, they needed a way to diagnose whether someone's sight problems stemmed from the brain, the heart, or another part of the body.

Snellen tests are now widely used to determine whether someone has normal vision or impaired vision. Doctors perform these tests to see if someone needs glasses or contact lenses. People who wear corrective eyeglasses or contacts must undergo regular exams to ensure that their prescriptions remain accurate.

Types of Snellen Tests

There are two main types of Snellen tests: the standard Snellen test and the near vision Snellen test. Both tests involve presenting a series of lines to examine a person's ability to read fine print.

Standard Snellen Eye Chart - Standard Snellen tests are performed by measuring the distance between each line on the chart. The patient reads each line aloud and the doctor records the number of words correctly identified. If the patient identifies fewer than 20% of the words, the doctor determines that the patient requires correction.

Near Vision Snellen Test - Near vision Snellen tests are performed by measuring the distance between each line on the chart. The patient looks into a magnifying lens and reads each line aloud. The doctor measures the amount of magnification required to identify each word. If the patient cannot read the line accurately, the doctor determines that the patient requires correction.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Each Type of Snellen Test

Both types of Snellen tests have advantages and disadvantages.

Standard Snellen Test - Advantages:

It's quick and simple to administer.

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